Of the walls of Pamplona that fell themselves

Of the walls of Pamplona that fell themselves

The legends of Charlemagne and Pamplona resonated in medieval epic poetry. Pamplona was such a vital location, as well as being one of the first cities to be reconquered by the Christians from the Moors, that it was inevitable it should become the locus of legendary...
Charlemagne and Alfonso: Historia and History

Charlemagne and Alfonso: Historia and History

  Alfonso VI was the most successful of all medieval Christian rulers of Spain, uniting the the kingdoms of northern Iberia into a self-styled empire in the eleventh century. The parallels betweens Alfonso’s real-life military campaigns and those of...
Nájera and the Legend of Roland and the Saracen Giant

Nájera and the Legend of Roland and the Saracen Giant

Charlemagne now received news that a certain giant, of the name of Ferracutus, of the race of Goliath, was come to Nájera   The pilgrimage road passed through the Navarrese town of Nájera, where in the time of Charlemagne’s Spanish expedition, Roland had...
Historia Turpini: The Latin Legend of Charlemagne and Roland

Historia Turpini: The Latin Legend of Charlemagne and Roland

Forasmuch as you requested me to write in what manner the Emperor Charlemagne delivered Spain and Galicia from the yoke of the Saracens, you shall attain the knowledge of many memorable events The History of Charlemagne and Roland The Historia Turpini, also know as...
Compostela and the Legend of the Milky Way

Compostela and the Legend of the Milky Way

Observing the starry way in the heavens, beginning at the Friezeland sea, and passing over the German territory and Italy, between Gaul and Aquitaine, and from thence in a straight line over Gascony, Bearne, and Navarre, and through Spain to Gallicia, wherein till his...